The benefits and costs of a program from the perspective of the customer installing the measure. Includes incentive payments, bill savings, applicable tax credits, and incremental costs.
program administrator cost test (PACT)
Costs and benefits from the perspective of a utility, government agency, or third party that’s implementing a program. Includes energy- and capacity-related costs avoided by the utility, program overhead, incentives, and installation costs.
ratepayer impact measure (RIM)
The impact of efficiency measures on nonparticipating ratepayers overall.
societal cost test (SCT)
The benefits and costs to all in the utility service territory, state, or nation as a whole. Includes energy- and capacity-related costs avoided by the utility, nonmonetized benefits such as cleaner air, unused resource savings, incremental measure costs, and program costs.
Total Resource Cost (TRC)
The benefits and costs associated with a measure from the perspective of all customers in the utility service area, whether participating in the program or not. Includes energy- and capacity-related costs avoided by the utility, applicable tax credits, monetized environmental and non-energy benefits, incremental measure costs, unused resource savings, and program costs.
Spending data reported at the end of the program year.
A net versus gross plan measurement.
cubic feet per minute
US Energy Information Administration
evaluation, measurement and verification
Latin for “before the event.” Ex ante information is based on a plan, not actual numbers.
Latin for “after the event.” Ex post information indicates that the numbers are actual results.
The result of a program. Impacts are measured in various units depending on the program's intention. Impacts can be measured in kW, kWh, dollars, MWh, and more; the particular unit will be shown in the results table.
A type of technology.
Annual spending and impacts program goals that have been approved by regulators.
pounds per square inch
quality assurance/quality control
A measurement of actual performance versus plan.
Impact data published at the end of the program year.
state and province abbreviations
When space requires it, we use the standard abbreviations for all US states and Canadian provinces included in DSM Insights and Measure Insights.
Technical Reference Manual (TRM)
A document that outlines various technological measures and how much energy a utility program can be expected to save by promoting them. Generally used to plan and evaluate energy-efficiency and demand-response programs.
Published impact data that has been reviewed by a third party.